Breaking Down the Texas Republican Election Bill: What Does It Change About Voting?

3 months ago 13
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Dozens of Texas House Democrats fled the authorities Monday successful an effort to halt the GOP's sweeping elections bills that would restrict vote-by-mail, destruct drive-thru and 24-hour voting, and empower canvass watchers.

The 2 bills, House Bill 3 and Senate Bill 1, were filed successful the legislature's peculiar session, called by Gov. Greg Abbott (R), past week. At the extremity of the regular legislative league successful May, Democrats walked retired and broke quorum connected the penulimate day to artifact the transition of Senate Bill 7, which featured galore of the aforesaid changes to voting laws.

HB3 and SB1 are the caller versions of that failed elections measure but do not see 2 contentious provisions successful SB7 that would person restricted voting connected Sundays and made it easier for predetermination officials to overturn results of an predetermination with conscionable elector fraud allegations.

Voting rights advocates said the bills would marque it harder to ballot successful Texas, which already has immoderate of the astir restrictive voting laws successful the nation.

Texas Republicans reason that the measure would amended predetermination information and integrity. Critics reason the changes would disproportionately impact the voting rights of minorities and radical with disabilities.

Fight Over Election Laws Continue

The showdown implicit the Texas voting bills continued betwixt Texas Democrats and Republicans Tuesday aft dozens of House Democrats fled the authorities for Washington Monda successful an effort to artifact the transition of the predetermination overhaul laws.

Here's a breakdown of respective of the main portions of the wide-ranging voting regularisation legislation.

Voting-by-Mail: New ID Requirements, Application Distribution Ban

Both the House and Senate bills would adhd 2 provisions to vote-by-mail: caller recognition requirements and blocking section predetermination officials from sending unsolicited applications for a mail-in ballot to eligible voters.

With the caller projected ID requirements for voting by mail, voters would person to supply their driver's licence fig oregon the past 4 digits of their societal information fig connected their applications for a mail-in ballot. Then, successful bid for their ballot to beryllium accepted and verified, voters would person to see matching accusation connected the envelope utilized to instrumentality their ballot.

The connection to artifact section predetermination officials from sending unsolicited mail-in ballot applications comes aft Harris County's effort to nonstop applications to its much than 2 cardinal registered voters up of past year's statesmanlike election.

The Houston-area county's efforts were blocked by the Texas Supreme Court, and the House measure would marque it a felony for section officials to nonstop unsolicited applications.

Currently, Texas allows voters who are 65 and older, are sick oregon disabled, volition beryllium retired of the region connected predetermination time and during the play for aboriginal voting, oregon are confined successful jail, but different eligible, to ballot by mail. To verify those ballots, Texas uses a signature matching process.

Partisan Poll Watcher Protections

Both the House and Senate bills would besides springiness partisan canvass watchers greater entree to voters and polling places.

Under existent law, watchers are "entitled to beryllium oregon basal conveniently near" predetermination workers successful polling places.

But some bills would springiness watchers "free movement," portion besides making it a transgression discourtesy to obstruct the presumption of the canvass watcher oregon region the canvass watcher portion they marque an reflection "not reasonably effective."

The bills would besides marque it much hard for predetermination workers to region canvass watchers for violating predetermination law, stating that the watcher indispensable beryllium "previously warned that the watcher's behaviour violated the law."

Drive-Thru Voting, 24-Hour Voting Bans

Harris County's attempts to widen voting entree past twelvemonth are erstwhile again targets of the 2 bills. Both bills would prohibition the benignant of drive-thru voting utilized astatine 10 polling places successful Harris County successful past year's statesmanlike election, arsenic good arsenic banning 24-hour voting astatine polling places, utilized connected circumstantial days astatine peculiar polling places successful Harris County.

Early voting hours would besides beryllium regulated successful some of the bills, adding an other hr of required aboriginal voting hours for section elections but preventing expanded aboriginal voting hours.

The House measure would acceptable those hours from 6 a.m. to 10 p.m.

The Senate measure would acceptable aboriginal voting hours from 6 a.m. to 9 p.m.

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